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American Election

Simcountry: Simcountry Bulletin Board  American Election

Austia (Golden Rainbow)

Tuesday, September 2, 2008 - 10:52 pm Click here to edit this post
oh yeah, Dpat, FYI- Fascism is a totalitarian nationalist political ideology and mass movement that is concerned with notions of cultural decline or decadence, and which seeks to achieve a millenarian national rebirth by exalting the nation or race, as well as promoting cults of unity, strength and purity.

Various scholars attribute different characteristics to fascism, but the following elements are usually seen as its integral parts: nationalism, militarism, totalitarianism, dictatorship, populism, collectivism, statism, social interventionism, and economic planning. Most scholars see Fascism as opposing liberalism, conservatism and communism.

Fascist governments nationalized key industries and made massive state investments. They also introduced price controls, wage controls and other types of Soviet-style economic planning measures. Property rights and private initiative were contingent upon service to the state. Fascists promoted their ideology as a "third way" between capitalism and Marxian socialism. Fascists in Germany and Italy claimed that they opposed reactionaries, and that they were actually revolutionary political movements that fused with conservative social values. Unlike reactionary political entities, fascists supported revolutionary politics, and fascists like Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler used leftist political terms such as "proletariat" and "bourgeois" to describe society. Unlike typical reactionary political forces in Europe at the time, fascists did not demonstrate fondness with having monarchies and pushed them into figurehead positions. Even in Italy where Mussolini ruled alongside the King, relations between the Fascist regime and the monarchy at times grew tense and the Fascist regime made attempts to diminish and sideline the monarchy.

Some authors reject broad usage of the term or exclude certain parties and regimes. Following the defeat of the Axis powers in World War II, there have been few self-proclaimed fascist groups and individuals. In contemporary political discourse, the term fascist is often used by adherents of some ideologies as a pejorative description of their opponents.

Third Way is the name applied to a nationalist political strand that seeks to emphasise its opposition to both communism and capitalism. The name 'Third Position' is derived from the school of thought presenting itself as being "beyond Capitalism and Communism" and "neither Left nor Right.

Socialism is the politico-economic theory of social organisation advocating that the means of production, distribution, and exchange should be regulated or owned by the community. Modern socialism originated in the late nineteenth-century working class political movement. Karl Marx posited that socialism would be achieved via class struggle and a proletarian revolution, it being the transitional stage between capitalism and Communism.

Socialism is not a discrete philosophy of fixed doctrine and programme; its branches advocate a degree of social interventionism and economic interventionism, sometimes opposing each other â especially the reformists and the revolutionaries. Some require complete nationalization of the means of production, distribution, and exchange; social democrats propose selective nationalization of key national industries in mixed economies; libertarian socialists advocate co-operative worker ownership of the means of production; Marxists (some inspired by the Soviet economic model), advocate State-controlled, centrally-planned economies; Anarcho-syndicalists, Luxemburgists, the U.S. New Left favour decentralised ownership via co-operative workers' councils.

In the 1970s and the 1980s, Yugoslavian, Hungarian, and Chinese Communists proposed market socialism combining co-operative State ownership and the free market exchange.

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